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  • 普通高等教育"十一五"国家级规划教材?美国文学简史(第3版)[平装]
  • 共1个商家     29.50元~29.50
  • 作者:常耀信(作者)
  • 出版社:南开大学出版社;第3版(2008年9月1日)
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  • ISBN:9787310030057

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    《美国文学简史(第3版)》作者常耀信教授,长期潜心于美国文学研究,任教于大洋两岸,主讲英美文学逾20年:始终孜孜以求,在研究中不断吸收、融汇美国文学创作及文学批评的最新发展,故该书既体现了作者本人数年的教学、研究成绩,又荟萃了中外多家学者的研究发现。
    《美国文学简史(第3版)》一直被用作高校英语专业美国文学教材,新版仍适用于大专院校英专学生,还可作英专考研必读书和学术研究参考书,最佳配套课本为常销不衰的《美国文学选读》(上、下),系常教授携其优秀同事合力编著,该系列还将有考研“复习伴侣”读本、中文版精华缩编本及文学批评名篇精读等奉献给广大读者!

    作者简介

    常耀信,教授,博士生导师,任教于中国南开大学及美国关岛大学,研究方向为英美文学。著有《希腊罗马神话》、 《漫话英美文学》、《美国文学简史》(英文版)、《美国文学史(上)》、 《精编美国文学教程》(中文版);主编有《美国文学选读》 (上、下)、 《美国文学研究评论选》 (上、下)及《自选评论文集一一文化与文学中的比较研究》等。此外,还在国内外刊物上发表过多篇论文,阐述中国文化对美国文学的影响。1 988年被选入英国国际传记中心编纂的《远东及太平洋名人录》,后亦被选人《美国名师录》。

    目录

    Foreword(For the 3rd Edition)/i
    Foreword(For the 2nd Edition) /v
    Prefatory Note(For the 1st Edition)/vii
    Foreword By Wu Fu-heng/ix
    Introduction /I
    Chapters 1-26
    1.Colonial America/1 1
    2.Edwards?Franklin?Crevecoeur/27
    3.American Romanticism?Irving?Cooper/40
    4.New England Transcendentalism?Emerson?Thoreau/56
    5.Hawthorne?Melville/70
    6.Whitman?Dickinson/88
    7.Edgar Allan Poe/104
    8.The Age of Realism?Howells?James/116
    9.Local Colorism?Mark Twain/130
    10.American Naturalism?Crane?Norris?Dreiser?Robinson /141
    11.The 1920s?Imagism?Pound/154
    12.T.S.Eliot?Stevens?Williams/171
    13.Frost?Sandburg?Cummings?Hart Crane?Moore/195
    14.Fitzgerald?Hemingway/213
    15.The Southem Renaissance?William Faulkner/229
    16.Anderson?Stein?Lewis?Cather?Wolfe/240
    17.The 1930s?Dos Passos?Steinbeck/254
    18.Poner?Welty?McCullers?West?The New Criticism/269
    19.American Drama/283
    20.Postwar Poetry?Poets of the 1 940s Generation/312
    21. The Confessional School·The Beat Generation /345
    22. The New York School· Meditative Poetry·The Black Mountain Poets /379
    23. Postwar American Novel (I) /411
    24. Postwar American Novel (II) /455
    25. Multiethnic Literature (I) /503
    26. Multiethnic Literature (II) /536
    Notes and References /567
    Index /599

    序言

    文学史是文学史科、哲学思想、文学理论缺一不可的统一体,没有充足的史料会流于教条,空疏;没有哲学思想则会成为现象的罗列;没有文学理论则无法对一切材料、一切现象加以分析。美国文学史当然也不例外。我们欢迎的是以马克思主义哲学思想和文学理论为指导思想与分析准则,把美国文学简短的历史产生的并不贫乏的诸多现象按发展顺序加以分析、介绍的文学史。这样一本美国文学史做为大专院校教材或是作为美国文学爱好者的读物都是佳作。
    常耀信同志编写的《美国文学简史》恰是这样的佳作。在全书有限的篇幅中包含着丰富的内容。它与美国的历史文化发展联系起来,从殖民地时期写到本世纪七十年代。
    这本简史对19世纪以前的美国文学从略介绍,突出地介绍清教文学及其代表人物一一乔纳桑·爱德华兹和本杰明·富兰克林。从多方面看,这两人都是清教思想的代表人物。前者憧憬来生,后者着眼今世。
    从19世纪以后对文学的概念来看,有许多殖民地时期的作品不能说是文学。它们有的只是一些信息的报导和宗教的或政治的宣传。但是正如作者在“前言”中说的,清教思想对美国文学产生过持久的影响。可以这样说,殖民地时期许多作品尽管文学性不强,但它们都为19世纪的美国文学奠定了基础。美国文学的主题、美国文学的形式都有从那时起的历史根源。例如爱默生的自立自强哲学可以追溯到殖民地时期的司多达牧师的某些著作。梭罗的个人主义也不能说与殖民地时代的约翰·吴勒门没有联系。

    文摘

    American Puritanism
    The settlement of the North American continent by the English began in the early part of the seventeenth century. The first settlers who became the founding fathers of the American nation were quite a few of them Puritans. They came to America out of various reasons, but it should be remembered that they were a group of serious, religious people, advocating highly religious and m or alp rinciples. They carried with them to America a code of values, a philosophy of life, and a point of view, which, in time, took root in the New World and became what is popularly known as American Puritanism. A dominant factor in American life, American Puritanism was one of the most enduring shaping influences in American thought and American literature. It has become, to some extent, so much a state of mind, rather than a set of tenets, so much a part of the national cultural atmosphere that the Americans breathe, that we may state with a degree of safety that, without some understanding of Puritanism, there can be no real under standing of American culture and literature.
    Although the English government saw the colonization of the North American continent as a means of alleviating its own problems, a large number of the settlers themselves left home in the first years of the seventeenth century in earnest quest of an ideal of their own. It is true that they wished to escape religious persecution——and the English government regarded its American colony as an ideal dumping ground for the undesirables, but they were also determined to find a place where they could worship in the way they thought true Christians should.