案例1 Baker v.Selden
案例2 Nichols v.Universal Pictures Corporation
案例3 Morrissey v.Procter&Gamble
案例4 Feist v.Rural
案例5 Gracen v.Bradford Exchange
案例6 White Smith Music Pub Co.v.Appollo Co.
案例7 National Football League v.McBee&Bruno's， Inc.
案例8 Hasbro Bradley， Inc.v.Sparkle Toys，Inc.
案例9 Mitchell Bros.v.Cinema Adult Theater
案例10 Andrew Leicester v.Warner Brothers
案例11 G.Ricordi & Co.v.Paramount Pictures，Inc.
案例12 New York Times Co.v.Tasini
案例13 Eric Eldred v.John D.Ashcroft
案例14 Columbia Pictures Industries v.Redd Horne
案例15 Quality King Distributors，Inc.v.L'Anza ResearchInt'l，Inc.
案例16 Harper & Row Publishers v.Nation Enterprises
案例17 Campbell v.Acuff-Rose Music Inc.
案例18 Sony Co.v.Universal City Studios， Inc.
案例19 Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Studios Inc.v. Grokster.Ltd.
案例20 Feltner v.Columbia Pictures Television， Inc.
案例21 Boisson V.Banian Inc.
案例22 MaZer v.Stein
案例23 Dastar Corp.v.Twentieth Century Foxfilm Corp.
案例24 Computer Associates International，Inc.，v. Altai.Inc.
案例25 Sega Enterprises Ltd.v.Assolade，Inc.
案例26 Lasercomb America v.Reynolds
案例27 Practice Management Information Corp.v.AMA
案例28 Diamond v.Chakrabarty
案例29 Graham v.John Deere Co. of Kansas City
案例30 Bremner v.Manson
案例31TP Laboratories， Inc.v.Professional Positioners， Inc.
案例32 Paper Converting Machine Company，Appellee，v. Magna-Graphics Corporation， Appellant
案例33 Festo Corp.v.Shoketsu Kinzoku KogyokabushikiCo.
案例34 Morton Salt Co.V.G.S. Suppiger Co.
案例35 In Re Sun Oil Co.
案例36 In Re Budge Manufacturing Co.，Inc.
案例37 In Re N.A.D. INC.， also trading as North American Drager
案例38 In Re Advertising & Marketing Development
案例39 Midwest Plastic Fabricators，Inc.v.Underwriters Laboratories Inc.
Leicester further maintains that the streetwall towers are a sculptural work which is "conceptually separate" from the building and thus independently entitled to copyright protection. Again， the district court found otherwise and we cannot say its finding lacks support. The streetwall towers were designed to extend the building visually， which they do along both Figueroa and Eighth. The Eighth Street smoke towers are equally integrated and serve the same purpose on Eighth as the Figueroa Street smoke towers do on Figueroa. This is powerful evidence that they （together with the additional two lantern towers on Figueroa） are part of the functional and architectural vocabulary of the building.
Because the streetwall towers are part of the architectural work， 120（a） applies. It allows the public the right to photograph public buildings including， in this case， the streetwall smoke and lantern towers unless， as Leicester contends， the 1990 amendments specifically provide for the continued separate protection of sculptural works attached to buildings. Leicester's position is that the Berne Convention did not require taking away copyright protection for PGS works， and Congress did not do so when it passed the AWPCA implementing the Convention. He relies in particular upon passages in the legislative history indicating that certain works of authorship which may separately qualify for protection as PGS works may be permanently embodied in architectural works， and that in such cases the author （if the same for both works） may elect whether to seek a remedy under102（a）（5） or 102（a）（8）.
Whether or not Leicester may have some other claim for a different infringement of his copyright in the Zanja Madre towers as a sculptural work， we believe he has none for a pictorial representation of the 801Tower and its streetwall embodying a protected architectural work. Otherwise， 120（a）'s exemption for pictorial representations of buildings would make no sense.
When copyright owners in architectural works were given protection for the first time in 1990， the right was limited by120（a） so that publicly visible buildings could freely be photographed. This reflected a shift from the prior regime of relying on "ad hoc determinations" of fair use. Having done this， it would be counterintuitive to suppose that Congress meant to restrict pictorial copying to some， but not all of， a unitary architectural work.