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  • 统计决策理论和贝叶斯分析(第2版)[精装]
  • 共4个商家     70.40元~80.90
  • 作者:JamesO.Berger(作者)
  • 出版社:世界图书出版公司;第2版(2004年11月1日)
  • 出版时间:
  • 版次 :
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  • ISBN:9787506271813

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    目录

    CHAPTER 1
    Basic Concepts
     1.1 Introduction
     1.2 Basic Elements
     1.3 Expected Loss, Decision Rules, and Risk
      1.3.1 Bayesian Expected Loss
      1.3.2 Frequentist Risk
     1.4 Randomized Decision Rules
     1.5 Decision Principles
      1.5.1 The Conditional Bayes Decision Principle
      1.5.2 Frequentist Decision Principles
     1.6 Foundations
      1.6.1 Misuse of Classical Inference Procedures
      1.6.2 The Frequentist Perspective
      1.6.3 The Conditional Perspective
      1.6.4 The Likelihood Principle
      1.6.5 Choosing a Paradigm or Decision Principle
     1.7 Sufficient Statistics
     1.8 Convexity
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 2 Utility and Loss
     2.1 Introduction
     2.2 Utility Theory
     2.3 The Utility of Money
     2.4 The Loss Function
      2.4.1 Development from Utility Theory
      2.4.2 Certain Standard Loss Functions
      2.4.3 For Inference Problems
      2.4.4 For Predictive Problems
      2.4.5 Vector Valued Loss Functions
     2.5 Criticisms
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 3 Prior Information and Subjective Probability
     3.1 Subjective Probability
     3.2 Subjective Determination of the Prior Density
     3.3 Noninformative Priors
      3.3.1 Introduction
      3.3.2 Noninformative Priors for Location and Scale Problems
      3.3.3 Noninformative Priors in General Settings
      3.3.4 Discussion
     3.4 Maximum Entropy Priors
     3.5 Using the Marginal Distribution to Determine the Prior
      3.5.1 The Marginal Distribution
      3.5.2 Information About tn
      3.5.3 Restricted Classes of Priors
      3.5.4 The ML-II Approach to Prior Selection
      3.5.5 The Moment Approach to Prior Selection
      3.5.6 The Distance Approach to Prior Selection
      3.5.7 Marginal Exchangeability
     3.6 Hierarchical Priors
     3.7 Criticisms
     3.8 The Statistician''s Role
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 4 Bayesian Analysis
     4.1 Introduction
     4.2 The Posterior Distribution
      4.2.1 Definition and Determination
      4.2.2 Conjugate Families
      4.2.3 Improper Priors
     4.3 Bayesian Inference
      4.3.1 Estimation
      4.3.2 Credible Sets
      4.3.3 Hypothesis Testing
      4.3.4 Predictive Inference
     4.4 Bayesian Decision Theory
      4.4.1 Posterior Decision Analysis
      4.4.2 Estimation
      4.4.3 Finite Action Problems and Hypothesis Testing
      4.4.4 With Inference Losses
     4.5 Empirical Bayes Analysis
      4.5.1 Introduction
      4.5.2 PEB For Normal Means--The Exchangeable Case
      4.5.3 PEB For Normal Means--The General Case
      4.5.4 Nonparametric Empirical Bayes Analysis
     4.6 Hierarchical Bayes Analysis
      4.6.1 Introduction
      4.6.2 For Normal Means--The Exchangeable Case
      4.6.3 For Normal Means--The General Case
      4.6.4 Comparison with Empirical Bayes Analysis
     4.7 Bayesian Robustness
      4.7.1 Introduction
      4.7.2 The Role of the Marginal Distribution
      4.7.3 Posterior Robustness: Basic Concepts
      4.7.4 Posterior Robustness: s-Contamination Class
      4.7.5 Bayes Risk Robustness and Use of Frequentist Measures
      4.7.6 Gamma-Minimax Approach
      4.7.7 Uses of the Risk Function
      4.7.8 Some Robust and Nonrobust Situations
      4.7.9 Robust Priors
      4.7.10 Robust Priors for Normal Means
      4.7.11 Other Issues in Robustness
     4.8 Admissibility of Bayes Rules and Long Run Evaluations
      4.8.1 Admissibility of Bayes Rules
      4.8.2 Admissibility of Generalized Bayes Rules
      4.8.3 Inadmissibility and Long Run Evaluations
     4.9 Bayesian Calculation
      4.9.1 Numerical Integration
      4.9.2 Monte Carlo Integration
      4.9.3 Analytic Approximations
     4.10 Bayesian Communication
      4.10.1 Introduction
      4.10.2 An Illustration: Testing a Point Null Hypothesis
     4.11 Combining Evidence and Group Decisions
      4.11.1 Combining Probabilistic Evidence
      4.11.2 Combining Decision-Theoretic Evidence
      4.11.3 Group Decision Making
     4.12 Criticisms
      4.12.1 Non-Bayesian Criticisms
      4.12.2 Foundational Criticisms
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 5 Minimax Analysis
     5.1 Introduction
     5.2 Game Theory
      5.2.1 Basic Elements
      5.2.2 General Techniques for Solving Games
      5.2.3 Finite Games
      5.2.4 Games with Finite
      5.2.5 The Supporting and Separating Hyperplane Theorems
      5.2.6 The Minimax Theorem
     5.3 Statistical Games
      5.3.1 Introduction
      5.3.2 General Techniques for Solving Statistical Games
      5.3.3 Statistical Games with Finite
     5.4 Classes of Minimax Estimators
      5.4.1 Introduction
      5.4.2 The Unbiased Estimator of Risk
      5.4.3 Minimax Estimators of a Normal Mean Vector
      5.4.4 Minimax Estimators of Poisson Means
     5.5 Evaluation of the Minimax Principle
      5.5.1 Admissibility of Minimax Rules
      5.5.2 Rationality and the Minimax Principle
      5.5.3 Comparison with the Bayesian Approach
      5.5.4 The Desire to Act Conservatively
      5.5.5 Minimax Regret
      5.5.6 Conclusions
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 6 Invariance
     6.1 Introduction
     6.2 Formulation
      6.2.1 Groups of Transformations
      6.2.2 Invariant Decision Problems
      6.2.3 Invariant Decision Rules
     6.3 Location Parameter Problems
     6.4 Other Examples of Invariance
     6.5 Maximal lnvariants
     6.6 Invariance and Noninformative Priors
      6.6.1 Right and Left Invariant Haar Densities
      6.6.2 The Best Invariant Rule
      6.6.3 Confidence and Credible Sets
     6.7 Invariance and Minimaxity
     6.8 Admissibility of Invariant Rules
     6.9 Conclusions
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 7 Preposterior and Sequential Analysis
     7.1 Introduction
     7.2 Optimal Fixed Sample Size
     7.3 Sequential Analysis--Notation
     7.4 Bayesian Sequential Analysis
      7.4.1 Introduction
      7.4.2 Notation
      7.4.3 The Bayes Decision Rule
      7.4.4 Constant Posterior Bayes Risk
      7.4.5 The Bayes Truncated Procedure
      7.4.6 Look Ahead Procedures
      7.4.7 Inner Truncation
      7.4.8 Approximating the Bayes Procedure and the Bayes Risk
      7.4.9 Theoretical Results''
      7.4.10 Other Techniques for Finding a Bayes Procedure
     7.5 The Sequential Probability Ratio Test
      7.5.1 The SPRT as a Bayes Procedure
      7.5.2 Approximating the Power Function and the Expected Sample Size
      7.5.3 Accuracy of the Wald Approximations
      7.5.4 Bayes Risk and Admissibility
      7.5.5 Other Uses of the SPRT
     7.6 Minimax Sequential Procedures
     7.7 The Evidential Relevance of the Stopping Rule
      7.7.1 Introduction
      7.7.2 The Stopping Rule Principle
      7.7.3 Practical Implications
      7.7.4 Criticisms of the Stopping Rule Principle
      7.7.5 Informative Stopping Rules
     7.8 Discussion of Sequential Loss Functions
     Exercises
    CHAPTER 8 Complete and Essentially Complete Classes
     8.1 Preliminaries
     8.2 Complete and Essentially Complete Classes from Earlier Chapters
      8.2.1 Decision Rules Based on a Sufficient Statistic
      8.2.2 Nonrandomized Decision Rules
      8.2.3 Finite O
      8.2.4 The Neyman-Pearson Lemma
     8.3 One-Sided Testing
     8.4 Monotone Decision Problems
      8.4.1 Monotone Multiple Decision Problems
      8.4.2 Monotone Estimation Problems
     8.5 Limits of Bayes Rules
     8.6 Other Complete and Essentially Complete Classes of Tests
      8.6.1 Two-Sided Testing
      8.6.2 Higher Dimensional Results
      8.6.3 Sequential Testing
     8.7 Complete and Essentially Complete Classes in Estimation
      8.7.1 Generalized Bayes Estimators
      8.7.2 Identifying Generalized Bayes Estimators
     8.8 Continuous Risk Functions
     8.9 Proving Admissibility and Inadmissibility
      8.9.1 Stein''s Necessary and Sufficient Condition for Admissibility
      8.9.2 Proving Admissibility
      8.9.3 Proving Inadmissibility
      8.9.4 Minimal or Nearly Minimal Complete Classes
     Exercises
    APPENDIX 1 Common Statistical Densities
     I Continuous
     II Discrete
    APPENDIX 2 Supplement to Chapter 4
     I Definition and Properties of Hm
     II Development of (4.121) and (4.122)
     III Verification of Formula (4.123)
    APPENDIX 3 Technical Arguments from Chapter 7
     I Verification of Formula (7.8)
     II Verification of Formula (7.10)
    Bibliography
    Notation and Abbreviations
    Author Index
    Subject Index