《八十天环绕地球(英文版)》：MR. PHILEAS FOGG lived, in I872, at No. 7, Saville Row, BurlingtonGardens, the house in which Sheridan died in I8i4. He was one of themost noticeable members of the Reform Club, though he seemedalways to avoid attracting attention; an enigmatical personage, aboutwhom little was known, except that he was a polished man of theworld. People said that he resembled Byron——at least that his headwas Byronic; but he was a bearded, tranquil Byron, who might live ona thousand years without growing old.Certainly an Englishman, it was more doubtful whether Phileas Foggwas a Londoner. He was never seen on 'Change,nor at the Bank, nor in the counting-rooms ofthe “City”; no ships ever came into Londondocks of which he was the owner;he had nopublic employment; he had never been enteredat any of the Inns of Court, either at the Temple,or Lincoln's Inn.
Around the World in Eighty Days was writtenduring difficult times both for France and forVerne. It was during the Franco-Prussian Warin which Verne was conscripted as acoastguard, he was having money difficulties（his previous works were not paid royalties）,his father had died recently and he hadwitnessed a public execution which haddisturbed him. However despite all this, Vernewas excited about his work on the new book,the idea of which came to him one afternoonin a Paris car6 while reading a newspaper.
In particular three technologicalbreakthroughs occurred in i869-7o thatmade a tourist-like around-the-world journeypossible for the first time: the completion ofthe First Transcontinental Railroad in America（x869）, the linking of the Indian railways acrossthe sub-continent （1870）, and the opening ofthe Suez Canal （1869）.
Jules Gabriel Verne （1828——1905）was a French author who helpedpioneer the science-fiction genre.He is best known for his novels AJourney to the Center of the Earth0864）,From the Earth to the Moon0865）, Twenty Thousand LeaguesUnder the Sea （1869——1870）, Aroundthe World in Eighty Days （1873） andThe Mysterious Island （1875）.
Verne wrote about space, air,and underwater travel beforenavigable aircraft and practicalsubmarines were invented, andbefore any means of space travelhad been devised. Consequentlyhe is often referred to as the“Father of science fiction”, alongwith H. G. Wells. Verne is thesecond most translated author ofall time, only behind AgathaChristie, with 4162 translations.
A puzzled grin overspread Passepartouts round face;deafly he had not comprehended his master. Monsieur is going to leave home？ Yes, returned Phileas Fogg. We are going round theworld. Passepartout opened his eyes, raised his eyebrows, heldup his hands, and seemed about to collapse, so overcomewas he with stupefied astonishment. Round the world！ he murmured. In eighty days, responded Mr. Fogg. So we havent amoment to lose. But the trunks？ gasped Passepartout, unconsciouslyswaying his head from right to left. Well have no trunks; only a carpet-bag, with twoshirts and three pairs of stockings for me, and the samefor you. Well buy our clothes on the way. Bring down mymackintosh and traveling-cloak, and some stout shoes,though we shall do little walking. Make haste！ Passepartout tried to reply, but could not. He went out,mounted to his own room, fell into a chair, and muttered:Thats good, that isI And I, who wanted to remain quiet！ He mechanically set about making the preparations fordeparture. Around the world in eighty days！ Was his mastera fool！ Was this a joke, then？ They were going to Dover;good！ To Calais; good again！ After all, Passepartout, whohad been away from France five years, would not be sorryto set foot on his native soil again. Perhaps they would go asfar as Paris, and it would do his eyes good to see Paris once.