关注微信

推荐商品

    加载中... 正在为您读取数据...
分享到:
  • 语言学教程(第4版)[平装]
  • 共4个商家     26.60元~33.10
  • 作者:胡壮麟(编者)
  • 出版社:北京大学出版社;第4版(2011年3月1日)
  • 出版时间:
  • 版次 :
  • 印刷时间:
  • 包装:
  • ISBN:9787301175439

  • 商家报价
  • 简介
  • 评价
  • 加载中... 正在为您读取数据...
  • 商品描述

    编辑推荐

    《语言学教程(第4版)》:21世纪英语专业系列教材

    目录

    Chapter 1 Invitations to Linguistics
    1.1 Why Study Language?
    1.2 What Is Language?
    1.3 Design Features of Language
    1.3.1 Arbitrariness
    1.3.2 Duality
    1.3.3 Creativity
    1.3.4 Displacement
    1.4 Origin of Language
    1.5 Functions of Language
    1.5.1 Informative
    1.5.2 Interpersonal Function
    1.5.3 Performative
    1.5.4 Emotive Function
    1.5.5 Phatic Communion
    1.5.6 Recreational Function
    1.5.7 Metalingual Function
    1.6 What Is Linguistics?
    1.7 Main Branches of Linguistics
    1.7.1 Phonetics
    1.7.2 Phonology
    1.7.3 Morphology
    1.7.4 Syntax
    1.7.5 Semantics
    1.7.6 Pragmatics
    1.8 Macrolinguistics
    1.8.1 Psycholinguistics
    1.8.2 Soci01inguistics
    1.8.3 Anthropological Linguistics
    1.8.4 Computational Linguistics
    1.9 Important Distinctions in Linguistics
    1.9.1 Descriptive VS.Prescriptive
    1.9.2 Synchronic VS.Diachronic
    1.9.3 Langue&Parole
    1.9.4 Competence and Performance

    Chapter 2 Speech Sounds
    2.1 How Speech Sounds Are Made?
    2.1.1 Speech Organs
    2.1.2 The IPA
    2.2 Consonants and Vowels
    2.2.1 Consonants
    2.2.2 Vowels
    2.2.3 The Sounds of English
    2.3 From Phonetics to Phonology
    2.3.1 Coarticulation and Phonetic Transcriptions
    2.3.2 Phonemes
    2.3.3 Allophones
    2.4 Phonological Processes,Phonological Rules and Distinctive Features
    2.4.1 Assimilation
    2.4.2 Epenthesis,Rule Ordering and the Elsewhere Condition
    2.4.3 Distinctive Features
    2.5 Suprasegmentals
    2.5.1 The Syllable Structure
    2.5.2 Stress
    2.5.3 Intonation
    2.5.4 Tone
    ……

    chapter 3 Lexicon
    chapter 4 From Word to Text
    chapter 5 Meaning
    chapter 6 Language and Cognition
    chapter 7 Language,Culture,and Society
    chapter 8 Language in Use
    chapter 9 Language and Literature
    chapter 10 Language and Computer
    chapter 11 Linguistics and Foreign Language Teaching
    chapter 12 Theories and School of Modern Linguistics
    Bibliography
    Glossary and Index

    文摘

    版权页:


    插图:



    In the IPA chart,the sound segments are grouped into CONSONANTS and VOWELS,which will be discussed in detail in the next section.The consonants are then divided into pulmonic and non-pulmonic consonants:PULMONIC sounds are produced by pushing air out of the lungs,as in most circumstances, while NON-PULMONIC sounds are produced by either sucking air into the mouth,in the case of clicks,or closing the glottis and manipulating the air between the glottis and a place o f articulation further forward in the vocal tract, as is the case of implosives and ejectives.The vowels are shown their relevant positions in a cross-sectional diagram o f the oral cavity.
    The“other symbols”are actually a group of consonants that involve more than one place or manner o f articulation,which cannot be placed into one o f the slots in the consonant chart.
    The DIACRITICS are additional symbols or marks used together with the consonant and vowel symbols to indicate nuances of change in their pronunciation.The suprasegmentals are used to represent stress and syllables, whereas the last group o f symbols is used to show tonal di fferences and intonation patterns.
    2.2 Consonants and Vowels
    In the description o f sound segments,a basic distinction is made between consonants and vowels.Consonants are produced“by a closure in the vocal tract. or by a narrowing which is SO marked that air cannot escape without producing audible friction”.By contrast-a vowel is produced without such“stricture”SO that“air escapes in a relatively unimpeded way through the mouth or nose” (Crystal,1 997:1 54).The distinction between vowels and consonants lies in the obstruction of airstream.
    As there is no obstruction o f air in the production o f vowels,the description of the consonants and vowels cannot be done along the same lines.