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  • 宏观经济学原理[平装]
  • 共1个商家     34.20元~34.20
  • 作者:夏业良(改编),曼昆(MankiwN.G.)(作者)
  • 出版社:高等教育出版社;第1版(2005年4月1日)
  • 出版时间:
  • 版次 :
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  • 包装:
  • ISBN:9787040171389

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    《宏观经济学原理》可作为宏观经济学入门水平的教材,大专院校经济管理各相关专业用做教材,也可作为普通读者了解宏观经济学的读物。

    作者简介

    作者:(美国)曼昆(Mankiw N.G.) 改编:夏业良

    目录

    CHAPTER 1
    TEN PRINCIPLES OF ECONOMICS
    How People Make Decisions
    Prinaple #1: People Face Tradeoffs
    Prinaple #2: The Cost of Something
    Is What You Give Up to Get It
    Principle #3: Rational People Think at the Margin
    Prinaple #4: People Respond to Incentives
    How People Interact
    Prinaple #5: Trade Can Make Everyone Better Off
    Prinaple #6: Markets Are Usually a Good Way
    to Organize Economic Activity
    FYI:Adam Smith and thelnvisible Hand
    Prinaple #7: Governments Can Sometimes
    Improve Market Outcomes
    How the Economy as a Whole Works
    Principle #8: A Country's Standard of Living
    Depends on Its Ability to Produce Goods and Services
    Principle #9: Prices Rise When the Government PrintsToo Much Money
    Prinaple #10: Society Faces a Short-Run Tradeoff between Inflation and Unemployment
    FYI:How to Read This Book
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 2
    THINKING LIKE AN ECONOMIST
    The Economist as Saentist
    The Scientific Method: Observahon, Theory, and MoreObservation
    The Role of Assumptions
    Economic Models
    Our First Model: The Circular-Flow Diagram
    Our Second Model: The Production Possibilities Frontier
    Microeconomics and Macroeconomics
    The Econonust as Policy Adviser
    Positive versus Normative Analysis
    Economists in Washington
    Why Economists Disagree
    Differencesin Saentific Judgments
    Differences in Values
    Perception versus Reality
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 3
    INTERDEPENDENCE AND THE GAINS FROM TRADE
    A Parable for the Modern Economy
    Production Possibilities
    The Prinaple of Comparative Advantage
    Absolute Advantage
    Opportunity Cost and Comparative Advantage
    Comparahve Advantage and Trade
    Applications of Comparative Advantage
    Should Tiger Woods Mow His Own Lawn?
    Should the United States Trade with Other Countries?
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 4
    THE MARKET FORCES OF SUPPLY AND DEMAND
    Markets and Competition
    Competitive Markets
    Competition:Perfect and Otherwise
    Demand 46
    The Demand Curve: The Relationship between Price and Quantity
    Demanded 46
    Market Demand versus Individual Demand
    Shifts in the Demand Curve
    CASE STUDY:Two Ways to Reduce the Quantity of Smoking
    Demanded
    Supply
    The Supply Curve: The Relahonship between Price and Quantity
    Supplied
    Market Supply versus Individual Supply
    Shifts in the Supply Curve
    Supply and Demand Together
    Equilibrium
    Three Steps to Analyzing Changes in Equilibrium
    Conclusion: How Prices Allocate Resources
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 5
    ELASTICITY AND ITS APPLICATION
    The Elasticity of Demand
    The Price Elasticity of Demand and Its Determinants
    Computing the Price Elasticity of Demand
    The Midpoint Method: A Better Way to Calculate Percentage Changes and Elasticihes
    CASE STUDY: Pricing Admission to a Museum
    IN THE NEWS: On the Road with Elasticity
    Other Demand Elasticities
    The Elasticity of Supply
    The Price Elasticity of Supply and Its Determinants
    Computing the Price Elasticity of Supply
    The Variety of Supply Curves
    Three Applications of Supply, Demand, and Elasticity
    Can Good News for Farming Be Bad News for Farmers?
    Why Did OPEC Fail to Keep the Price of Oil High?
    Does Drug Interdiction Increase or Decrease Drug-Related Crime?
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 6
    SUPPLY, DEMAND, AND GOVERNMENT POLICIES
    Controls on Prices
    How Price Ceilings Affect Market Outcomes
    CASE STUDY:Lines at the Gas Pump
    How Price Floors Affect Market Outcomes
    IN THE NEWS Does a Drought Need to Cause a Water Shortage?
    CASE STUDY: The Minimum Wage
    Evaluating Price Controls
    Taxes
    How Taxes on Buyers Affect Market Outcomes
    How Taxes on Sellers Affect Market Outcomes
    CASE STUDY:Who Pays the Luxury Tax?
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts 103
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    PART 3 SUPPLY AND DEMAND Ⅱ MARKETS AND WELFARE
    CHAPTER 7
    CONSUMERS, PRODUCERS, AND THE EFFICIENCY OF MARKETS
    Consumer Surplus
    Willingness to Pay
    Using the Demand Curve to Measure Consumer Surplus
    How a Lower Price Raises Consumer Surplus
    What Does Consumer Surplus Measure?
    Producer Surplus
    Cost and the Willingness to Sell
    Using the Supply Curve to Measure Producer Surplus
    How a Higher Price Raises Producer Surplus
    Market Efficiency
    The Benevolent Social Planner
    Evaluating the Market Equilibrium
    IN THE NEWS: Ticket Scalping
    Conclusion: Market Efficiency and Market Failure
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 8
    APPLICATION:THE COSTS OF TAXATION
    The Deadweight Loss of Taxation
    How a Tax Affects Market Participants
    Deadweight Losses and the Gains from Trade
    The Detemunants of the Deadweight Loss
    CASE STUDY:The Deadweight Loss Debate
    Deadweight Loss and Tax Revenue as Taxes Vary
    FYI:Henry George and the Land Tax
    CASE STUDY:The Laffer Curve and Supply-Side Economics
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 9
    APPLICATION:INTERNATIONAL TRADE
    The Determinants of Trade
    The Equilibrium without Trade
    The World Price and Comparative Advantage
    The Winners and Losers from Trade
    The Gains and Losses of an Exporting Country
    The Gains and Losses of an Imporhng Country
    The Effects of a Tariff
    IN THE NEWS: Life in Isoland
    The Effects of an Import Quota
    The Arguments for Restricting Trade
    FYI:Other Benefits of International Trade
    The Jobs Argument
    The Nahonal-Security Argument
    The Infant-Industry Argument
    The Unfair-Competihon Argument
    The Protection-as-a-Bargaining-Chip Argument
    CASE STUDY:Trade Agreements and the World Trade Organization
    IN THE NEWS: Globalization
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    PART 4 THE DATA OF MACROECONOMICS
    CHAPTER 10
    MEASURING A NATION'S INCOME
    The Economy's Income and Expenditure
    The Measurement of Gross Domestic Product
    FYI: Other Measures of Income
    The Components of GDP
    Consumption
    Investment
    Government Purchases
    Net Exports
    CASE STUDY:The Components of U.S.GDP
    Real versus Nominal GDP
    A Numerical Example
    The GDP Deflator
    CASE STUDY: Real GDP over Recent History
    IN THE NEWS: GDP Lightens Up
    GDP and Economic Well-Being
    CASE STUDY:International Differences in GDP and the Quality of Life
    CASE STUDY:Who Wins at the Olympics?
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 11
    MEASURING THE COST OF LIVING
    The Consumer Price Index
    How the Consumer Price Indexls Calculated
    FYI:What Is in the CPI's Basket?
    Problems in Measuring the Cost of Living
    IN THE NEWS:Shopping for the CPI
    The GDP Deflator versus the Consumer Price Index
    Correcting Economic Variables for the Effects of Inflation
    Dollar Figures from Different Times
    CASE STUDY:Mr.lndex Goes to Hollywood
    Indexahon 191
    Realand Nominal Interest Rates
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    PART 5
    THE REAL ECONOMY IN THE LONG RUN
    CHAPTER 12
    PRODUCTION AND GROWTH
    Economic Growth around the World
    FYI: Are You Richer Than the Richest American?
    Productivity:lts Role and Determinants
    Why Productivityls So Important
    How Productivity Is Determined
    FYI: The Produchon Funchon
    CASE STUDY:Are Natural Resources a Limit to Growth?
    Economic Growth and Public Policy
    The Importance of Saving and Investment
    Diminishing Returns and the Catch-Up Effect
    Investment from Abroad
    IN THE NEWS: Promoting Human Capital
    Education
    Property Rights and Political Stability
    Free Trade
    Research and Development
    CASE STUDY:The Productivity Slowdown and Speedup
    Population Growth
    IN THE NEWS: A Solution to Africa's Problems
    Conclusion: The Importance of Long-Run Growth
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 13
    SAVING,INVESTMENT,AND THE FINANCIAL SYSTEM
    Financial Institutions in the U.S.Economy
    Financial Markets
    Financial Intermediaries
    Summing Up
    IN THE NEWS:Financein China
    Saving and Investment in the National Income Accounts
    Some Important Identities
    The Meaning of Saving and Investment
    The Market for Loanable Funds
    Supply and Demand for Loanable Funds
    Policy 1: Saving Incentives
    Policy 2:Investment Incenhves
    Policy 3: Government Budget Deficits and Surpluses
    CASE STUDY:The History of U.S. Government Debt
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 14
    THE BASIC TOOLS OF FINANCE
    Present Value:
    Measuring the Time Value of Money
    FYI: The Magic of Compounding and the Rule of 70
    Managing Risk
    Risk Aversion
    The Markets for Insurance
    Diversification of Idiosyncrahc Risk
    The Tradeoff between Risk and Return
    Asset Valuation
    Fundamental Analysis
    The Efficient Markets Hypothesis
    Market Irrahonality
    IN THE NEWS: Some Lessons from Enron
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    CHAPTER 15
    UNEMPLOYMENT AND ITS NATURAL RATE
    Identifying Unemployment
    How Is Unemployment Measured?
    CASE STUDY:Labor-Force Parhcipation of Men and Women in the U.S.Economy
    Does the Unemployment Rate Measure What We Wantlt To?
    How Long Are the Unemployed without Work?
    Why Are There Always Some People Unemployed?
    Job Search
    Why Some Frictional Unemployment Is Inevitable
    Public Policy and Job Search
    Unemployment Insurance
    IN THE NEWS:German Unemployment
    Minimum-Wage Laws
    Unions and Collective Bargaining
    The Economics of Unions
    Are Unions Good or Bad for the Economy?
    IN EHE NEWS:Should You join a Union?
    The Theory of Effiaency Wages
    Worker Health
    Worker Turnover
    Worker Effort
    Worker Quality
    CASE STUDY:Henry Ford and the Very Generous
    S5-a-Day Wage
    Conclusion
    Summary
    Key Concepts
    Questions for Review
    Problems and Applications
    ……
    PART 6
    MONEY AND PRICES IN THE LONG RUN
    PART 7
    THE MACROECONOMICS OF OPEN ECONOMIES
    PART 8
    SHORT-RUN ECONOMIC FLUCTUATIONS
    PART 9
    FINAL THOUGHTS

    文摘

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    The word economy comes from the Greek word for "one who manages a house-hold." At first, this origin might seem peculiar. But, in fact, households andeconomies have much in common.
    A household faces many decisions. It must deade which members of the house-hold do which tasks and what each member gets in return: Who cooks dinner?Who does the laundry? Who gets the extra dessert at dinner? Who gets to choosewhat TV show to watch? In short, the household must allocate its scarce resourcesamong its various members, taking into account each member's abilities, efforts,and desires.
    Like a household, a soaety faces many deasions. A soaety must deade whatjobs will be done and who will do them. It needs some people to grow food, otherpeople to make clothing, and still others to design computer software. Once society has allocated people (as well as land, buildings, and machines) to various jobs,it must also allocate the output of goods and services that they produce. It mustdecide who will eat caviar and who will eat potatoes. It must decide who willdrive a Ferrari and who will take the bus.
    The management of society's resources is important because resources arescarce. Scarcity means that society has limited resources and therefore cannot produce all the goods and services people wish to have. Just as a household cannotgive every member everything he or she wants, a society cannot give every individual the highest standard of living to which he or she might aspire.
    Economics is the study of how society manages its scarce resources, In most sociehes, resources are allocated not by a single central planner but through the combined actions of millions of households and firms. Economists therefore study howpeople make decisions: how much they work, what they buy, how much theysave, and how they invest their savings. Economists also study how people interact with one another. For instance, they examine how the multitude of buyers andsellers of a good together determine the price at which the good is sold and thequantity that is sold. Finally, economists analyze forces and trends that affectthe economy as a whole, including the growth in average income, the fraction ofthe population that cannot find work, and the rate at which prices are rising.
    Although the study of economics has many facets, the field is unified by severalcentralideas. In the rest of this chapter, we look at Ten Principles of Economics. Don'tworry if you don't understand them all at first, or if you don't find them completelyconvincing. In the coming chapters we will explore these ideas more fully The tenprinaples are introduced here just to give you an overview of what economics is allabout. You can think of this chapter as a "preview of coming attractions."
    There is no mystery to what an "economy" is. Whether we are talking about theeconomy of Los Angeles, of the United States, or of the whole world, an economyis just a group of people interacting with one another as they go about their lives.Because the behavior of an economy reflects the behavior of the individuals whomake up the economy, we start our study of economics with four prinaples of individual deasionmaking.