1. Why This Study?
2. Why The Economist?
2.1 The Economist: The Model of a Successful Democracy
2.2 Questions under Discussion
2.3 Sample Texts and Oxford Wordsmith Tools
3. How This Book Is Organized?
Chapter One Theoretical and Methodological Approaches
1. The Theory of Narrative
1.1 Mieke Bal and Narratology
1.2 The Economist's Globalization as a Metanarrative
2. Theories of the News
2.1 Allen Bell's "News Story"
2.2 Roger Fowler's "Conscious Intervention"
2.3 The Economist as a Case Study
3. Rhetorical Theories
3.1 Defining Features of Rhetoric
3.2 Artistic and Inartistic Proofs
3.3 Theory of Persuasion
3.4 Toulmin's Model
3.5 Universal Pragmatics and Communicative Competence
3.6 Symbolic Action and Terministic Screens
3.7 The Relation between Discursive Reality and Material Reality
4. "Tongbian': A Distinct Chinese Thinking Mode
Chapter Two A Review of the Globalization Debate
1. Historiography of the Origin of Globalization
1.1 A Very Long-Term View
1.2 The Thirteenth Century: A Non-Eurocentric Perspective
1.3 The Sixteenth Century: A Mainstream View
1.4 The Nineteenth Century: An Economic Perspective
1.5 The Post-War Time: A Transformational View
2. Historiography of the Concept of Globalization
2.1 Poetic Representations of the Globe
2.2 Historical Account of the Discourses of Globalization
Chapter Three The Economist's Five Prominent Editors
1. The Economist' s Editors
2. Why the Five Editors
3. Three Early Editors
3.1 James Wilson: An Extreme Proponent of Laissez-Faire
3.2 Walter Bagehot: A Moderate Proponent of Laissez-Faire
3.3 Sir. Layton: A Welfare-State Liberal
4. Two Most Recent Editors
4.1 Bill Emmott: An Obsessive Believer in Capitalism
4.2 John Micklethwait: A Free Trader under the
Banner of Globalization
Chapter Four The Economist's Perception of Globalization
1. Definition of Globalization
2. Origin and History of Globalization
3. Nature of Globalization
4. Causes of Globalization
5. Benefits of Globalization
6. Threats of Globalization
7. Forms of Globalization
8. Extent of Globalization
9. Components of Globalization
Chapter Five The Economist's Construction of Globalization:A Metanarrative
1. Concern over a Metanarrative of Globalization
2. Construction of Globalization: A Metanarrative
2.1 Fabula: A Human Construction
2.2 Story: An Old Tale of Free Trade
Chapter Six The Economist's Innovation: Global Warming as a Test Case
1. Concept of Global Warming
2. The Economist's Perception of Global Warming
2.1 The Cause of Global Warming
2.2 The Effect of Global Warming
2.3 The Political Economy of Global Warming
3. Construction of Global Warming: A Metanarrative
3.1 Fabula: A Changing Scenario
3.2 Story: An Updated Tale of Free Trade
3.3 Text: An Updated Liberal Discourse
4. Rhetorical Shift
Chapter Seven Transcendence of The Economist's Globalization Paradigm:A Chinese View
1. An Old Narrative of Globalization
2. An Updated Narrative of Globalization
3. Challenges to The Economist's Globalization
3.1 Western Globalization vs. Non-Western Globalization
3.2 Human Desires vs. Respect for Nature
3.3 Self-Interest vs. Global Public Good
4. "Hexie Shijie': China's View of Globalization
4.1 The Economist's Vision of "Harmony of the Sphere"
4.2 The Economist's Interpretation of "Hexie Shijie"
4.3 True Meaning of "Hexie Shijie"
5. Toward a New Direction for Globalization
Jeffry A. Frieden, professor of government at Harvard University, generallyfollows this line of argument, tracing the history of globalization a little latersince the Industrial Revolution. Irma Adelman, professor of economics inAmerica, agrees in stating that the global economy originated during theIndustrial Revolution, with Great Britain being the engine of world economicgrowth between 1820 and 1890. This view is accepted by many includingMichael D. Bordo, Alan M. Taylor and Jeffrey G. Williamson, all professorsof economics from America, who believe that it is only during the nineteenthcentury that a global economic system began to be established, althoughintegration of different markets, from the markets for goods and commoditiesto those for labor and capital, emerged from the sixteenth century.
It is necessary to point out that The Economist also falls in line with thisschool of thought. The journal sees the period from 1870 to 1914 as the firstwave of globalization, in which the share of world trade doubled to nearly 8%of world income.
As powerful participants in the debate of globalization, writers inthis category, however, are often criticized for being oversimplified, solelytalking about globalization in economic terms. They meet opposition fromother scholars who believe that, apart from economic, globalization is alsopolitical, technological and cultural, and above all, has been influenced by thedevelopments in systems of communication after the mid-twentieth century.
1.5 The Post-War Time: A Transformational View
Those who see globalization as a phenomenon of recent history arecommonly referred to as transformationalists, who believe that globalization isthe major driving force behind the rapid social, political and economic changesthat are reshaping modern societies and world order.
William D. Coleman, professor of political science from Canada, and histwo co-authors Stephen M. Streeter, professor of history, and John C.Weaver,professor of history, both Canadians, maintain that although what has beenpresented by Marx and Engels in 1848 seems to foreshadow the modern-day concept of globalization, globalization is above all the result of thedevelopments in systems of communication in the late 1960s. They suggestthat globalization, economic, political, technological and cultural, is a powerfultransformative force that has brought about massive changes of societies,economies, institutions of governance and world order.