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  • 《经济学家》全球化思想建构的叙事(1985-2010)[平装]
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  • 作者:章晓英(作者)
  • 出版社:世界知识出版社;第1版(2012年7月1日)
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  • ISBN:9787501242924

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    《<经济学家>全球化思想建构的叙事(1985-2010)》的自由主义全球化思想倡导西式民主政治制度的普世性,其对人与人、人与自然及国家与政府关系的界定已无法有效应对全球性问题的挑战。作为一种反思和批判的参照系,中国提出的“通变”、“和谐”的整体性思想主张“和而不同”,使生机勃勃的人类文明的多样性成为可能;重视“阴阳互补”、“天人合一”,使人与人、人与自然之间有可能实现和谐相处。中西文化各有所偏。日益扩展的全球化进程呼唤全球化研究者从双方的传统智慧中吸取养分。这是人类共存的现实选择。

    作者简介

    章晓英,博士。北京外国语大学英语学院副教授、副院长。曾在中国驻悉尼总领事馆从事外交工作。研究兴趣包括英语教育、国际传媒、跨文化传播和全球研究。曾在国内刊物《对外传播》、《全球传媒学刊》、《欧洲研究》和《国际论坛》等发表论文和文章,在英国主流报纸《卫报》发表评论文章。2010-2011年,在剑桥大学访学一年,研究英国杂志《经济学家》的全球化建构。

    目录

    Introduction
    1. Why This Study?
    2. Why The Economist?
    2.1 The Economist: The Model of a Successful Democracy
    2.2 Questions under Discussion
    2.3 Sample Texts and Oxford Wordsmith Tools
    3. How This Book Is Organized?
    Chapter One Theoretical and Methodological Approaches
    1. The Theory of Narrative
    1.1 Mieke Bal and Narratology
    1.2 The Economist's Globalization as a Metanarrative
    2. Theories of the News
    2.1 Allen Bell's "News Story"
    2.2 Roger Fowler's "Conscious Intervention"
    2.3 The Economist as a Case Study
    3. Rhetorical Theories
    3.1 Defining Features of Rhetoric
    3.2 Artistic and Inartistic Proofs
    3.3 Theory of Persuasion
    3.4 Toulmin's Model
    3.5 Universal Pragmatics and Communicative Competence
    3.6 Symbolic Action and Terministic Screens
    3.7 The Relation between Discursive Reality and Material Reality
    4. "Tongbian': A Distinct Chinese Thinking Mode
    Summary
    Chapter Two A Review of the Globalization Debate
    1. Historiography of the Origin of Globalization
    1.1 A Very Long-Term View
    1.2 The Thirteenth Century: A Non-Eurocentric Perspective
    1.3 The Sixteenth Century: A Mainstream View
    1.4 The Nineteenth Century: An Economic Perspective
    1.5 The Post-War Time: A Transformational View
    2. Historiography of the Concept of Globalization
    2.1 Poetic Representations of the Globe
    2.2 Historical Account of the Discourses of Globalization
    Summary
    Chapter Three The Economist's Five Prominent Editors
    1. The Economist' s Editors
    2. Why the Five Editors
    3. Three Early Editors
    3.1 James Wilson: An Extreme Proponent of Laissez-Faire
    3.2 Walter Bagehot: A Moderate Proponent of Laissez-Faire
    3.3 Sir. Layton: A Welfare-State Liberal
    4. Two Most Recent Editors
    4.1 Bill Emmott: An Obsessive Believer in Capitalism
    4.2 John Micklethwait: A Free Trader under the
    Banner of Globalization
    Summary
    Chapter Four The Economist's Perception of Globalization
    1. Definition of Globalization
    2. Origin and History of Globalization
    3. Nature of Globalization
    4. Causes of Globalization
    5. Benefits of Globalization
    6. Threats of Globalization
    7. Forms of Globalization
    8. Extent of Globalization
    9. Components of Globalization
    Summary
    Chapter Five The Economist's Construction of Globalization:A Metanarrative
    1. Concern over a Metanarrative of Globalization
    2. Construction of Globalization: A Metanarrative
    2.1 Fabula: A Human Construction
    2.2 Story: An Old Tale of Free Trade
    Summary
    Chapter Six The Economist's Innovation: Global Warming as a Test Case
    1. Concept of Global Warming
    2. The Economist's Perception of Global Warming
    2.1 The Cause of Global Warming
    2.2 The Effect of Global Warming
    2.3 The Political Economy of Global Warming
    3. Construction of Global Warming: A Metanarrative
    3.1 Fabula: A Changing Scenario
    3.2 Story: An Updated Tale of Free Trade
    3.3 Text: An Updated Liberal Discourse
    4. Rhetorical Shift
    Summary
    Chapter Seven Transcendence of The Economist's Globalization Paradigm:A Chinese View
    1. An Old Narrative of Globalization
    2. An Updated Narrative of Globalization
    3. Challenges to The Economist's Globalization
    3.1 Western Globalization vs. Non-Western Globalization
    3.2 Human Desires vs. Respect for Nature
    3.3 Self-Interest vs. Global Public Good
    4. "Hexie Shijie': China's View of Globalization
    4.1 The Economist's Vision of "Harmony of the Sphere"
    4.2 The Economist's Interpretation of "Hexie Shijie"
    4.3 True Meaning of "Hexie Shijie"
    5. Toward a New Direction for Globalization
    Summary
    Abbreviations
    Bibliography
    Acknowledgments

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    Jeffry A. Frieden, professor of government at Harvard University, generallyfollows this line of argument, tracing the history of globalization a little latersince the Industrial Revolution. Irma Adelman, professor of economics inAmerica, agrees in stating that the global economy originated during theIndustrial Revolution, with Great Britain being the engine of world economicgrowth between 1820 and 1890. This view is accepted by many includingMichael D. Bordo, Alan M. Taylor and Jeffrey G. Williamson, all professorsof economics from America, who believe that it is only during the nineteenthcentury that a global economic system began to be established, althoughintegration of different markets, from the markets for goods and commoditiesto those for labor and capital, emerged from the sixteenth century.
    It is necessary to point out that The Economist also falls in line with thisschool of thought. The journal sees the period from 1870 to 1914 as the firstwave of globalization, in which the share of world trade doubled to nearly 8%of world income.
    As powerful participants in the debate of globalization, writers inthis category, however, are often criticized for being oversimplified, solelytalking about globalization in economic terms. They meet opposition fromother scholars who believe that, apart from economic, globalization is alsopolitical, technological and cultural, and above all, has been influenced by thedevelopments in systems of communication after the mid-twentieth century.
    1.5 The Post-War Time: A Transformational View
    Those who see globalization as a phenomenon of recent history arecommonly referred to as transformationalists, who believe that globalization isthe major driving force behind the rapid social, political and economic changesthat are reshaping modern societies and world order.
    William D. Coleman, professor of political science from Canada, and histwo co-authors Stephen M. Streeter, professor of history, and John C.Weaver,professor of history, both Canadians, maintain that although what has beenpresented by Marx and Engels in 1848 seems to foreshadow the modern-day concept of globalization, globalization is above all the result of thedevelopments in systems of communication in the late 1960s. They suggestthat globalization, economic, political, technological and cultural, is a powerfultransformative force that has brought about massive changes of societies,economies, institutions of governance and world order.