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  • 量子力学题解:量子理论在现在物理中的应用(第2版)[平装]
  • 共3个商家     15.75元~30.80
  • 作者:比斯德温特(Basdevant.J.)(作者)
  • 出版社:世界图书出版公司;第2版(2009年5月1日)
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  • ISBN:9787510004919

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    《量子力学题解:量子理论在现在物理中的应用(第2版)》是由世界图书出版公司出版的。

    作者简介

    作者:(法国) 比斯德温特 (Basdevant.J.)

    目录

    Summary of Quantum Mechanics
    1 Principles
    2 General Results
    3 The Particular Case of a Point-Like Particle; Wave Mechanics.
    4 Angular Momentum and Spin
    5 Exactly Soluble Problems
    6 Approximation Methods
    7 Identical Particles
    8 Time-Evolution of Systems
    9 Collision Processes

    Part I Elementary Particles, Nuclei and Atoms
    Neutrino Oscillations
    1.1 Mechanism of the Oscillations; Reactor Neutrinos
    1.2 Oscillations of Three Species; Atmospheric Neutrinos
    1.3 Solutions
    1.4 Comments
    2 Atomic Clocks
    2.1 The Hyperfine Splitting of the Ground State
    2.2 The Atomic Fountain
    2.3 The GPS System
    2.4 The Drift of Fundamental Constants
    2.5 Solutions
    3 Neutron Interferometry
    3.1 Neutron Interferences
    3.2 The Gravitational Effect
    3.3 Rotating a Spin 1/2 by 360 Degrees
    3.4 Solutions
    4 Spectroscopic Measurement on a Neutron Beam
    4.1 Ramsey Fringes
    4.2 Solutions
    5 Analysis of a Stern-Gerlach Experiment
    5.1 Preparation of the Neutron Beam
    5.2 Spin State of the Neutrons
    5.3 The Stern-Gerlach Experiment
    5.4 Solutions
    6 Measuring the Electron Magnetic Moment Anomaly
    6.1 Spin and Momentum Precession of an Electron in a Magnetic Field
    6.2 Solutions Decay of a Tritium Atom
    7.1 The Energy Balance in Tritium Decay
    7.2 Solutions
    7.3 Comments
    The Spectrum of Positronium
    8.1 Positronium Orbital States
    8.2 Hyperfine Splitting
    8.3 Zeeman Effect in the Ground State
    8.4 Decay of Positronium
    8.5 Solutions
    The Hydrogen Atom in Crossed Fields
    9.1 The Hydrogen Atom in Crossed Electric and Magnetic Fields
    9.2 Pauli's Result
    9.3 Solutions
    10 Energy Loss of Ions in Matter
    10.1 Energy Absorbed by One Atom
    10.2 Energy Loss in Matter
    10.3 Solutions
    10.4 Comments

    Part II Quantum Entanglement and Measurement
    11 The EPR Problem and Bell's Inequality
    11.1 The Electron Spin
    11.2 Correlations Between the Two Spins
    11.3 Correlations in the Singlet State
    11.4 A Simple Hidden Variable Model
    11.5 Bell's Theorem and Experimental Results
    11.6 Solutions
    12 Schrodinger's Cat
    12.1 The Quasi-Classical States of a Harmonic Oscillator
    12.2 Construction of a Schr5dinger-Cat State
    12.3 Quantum Superposition Versus Statistical Mixture
    12.4 The Fragility of a Quantum Superposition
    12.5 Solutions
    12.6 Comments
    13 Quantum Cryptography
    13.1 Preliminaries
    13.2 Correlated Pairs of Spins
    13.3 The Quantum Cryptography Procedure
    13.4 Solutions
    14 Direct Observation of Field Quantization
    14.1 Quantization of a Mode of the Electromagnetic Field
    14.2 The Coupling of the Field with an Atom
    14.3 Interaction of the Atom with an "Empty" Cavity
    14.4 Interaction of an Atom with a Quasi-Classical State
    14.5 Large Numbers of Photons: Damping and Revivals
    14.6 Solutions
    14.7 Comments
    15 Ideal Quantum Measurement
    15.1 Preliminaries: a yon Neumann Detector
    15.2 Phase States of the Harmonic Oscillator
    15.3 The Interaction between the System and the Detector
    15.4 An "Ideal" Measurement
    15.5 Solutions
    15.6 Comments
    16 The Quantum Eraser
    16.1 Magnetic Resonance
    16.2 Ramsey Fringes
    16.3 Detection of the Neutron Spin State
    16.4 A Quantum Eraser
    16.5 Solutions
    16.6 Comments
    17 A Quantum Thermometer
    17.1 The Penning Trap in Classical Mechanics
    17.2 The Penning Trap in Quantum Mechanics
    17.3 Coupling of the Cyclotron and Axial Motions
    17.4 A Quantum Thermometer
    17.5 Solutions

    Part III Complex Systems
    18 Exact Results for the Three-Body Problem
    18.1 The Two-Body Problem
    18.2 The Variational Method
    18.3 Relating the Three-Body and Two-Body Sectors
    18.4 The Three-Body Harmonic Oscillator
    18.5 From Mesons to Baryons in the Quark Model
    18.6 Solutions
    19 Properties of a Bose-Einstein Condensate
    19.1 Particle in a Harmonic Trap
    19.2 Interactions Between Two Confined Particles
    19.3 Energy of a Bose-Einstein Condensate
    19.4 Condensates with Repulsive Interactions
    19.5 Condensates with Attractive Interactions
    19.6 Solutions
    19.7 Comments
    20 Magnetic Excitons
    20.1 The Molecule CsFeBra
    20.2 Spin-Spin Interactions in a Chain of Molecules
    20.3 Energy Levels of the Chain
    20.4 Vibrations of the Chain: Excitons
    20.5 Solutions

    序言

    Quantum mechanics is an endless source of new questions and fascinating observations. Examples can be found in fundamental physics and in applied physics, in mathematical questions as well as in the currently popular debates on the interpretation of quantum mechanics and its philosophical implications.
    Teaching quantum mechanics relies mostly on theoretical courses, which are illustrated by simple exercises often of a mathematical character. Reduc- ing quantum physics to this type of problem is somewhat frustrating since very few, if any, experimental quantities are available to compare the results with. For a long time, however, from the 1950s to the 1970s, the only alterna- tive to these basic exercises seemed to be restricted to questions originating from atomic and nuclear physics, which were transformed into exactly soluble problems and related to known higher transcendental functions.
    In the past ten or twenty years, things have changed radically. The devel- opment of high technologies is a good example. The one-dimensional square- well potential used to be a rather academic exercise for beginners. The emer- gence of quantum dots and quantum wells in semiconductor technologies has changed things radically. Optronics and the associated developments in infra- red semiconductor and laser technologies have considerably elevated the social rank of the square-well model. As a consequence, more and more emphasis is given to the physical aspects of the phenomena rather than to analytical or computational considerations.
    Many fundamental questions raised since the very beginnings of quantum theory have received experimental answers in recent years. A good example is the neutron interference experiments of the 1980s, which gave experimental answers to 50 year old questions related to the measurability of the phase of the wave function. Perhaps the most fundamental example is the experimen- tal proof of the violation of Bell's inequality, and the properties of entangled states, which have been established in decisive experiments since the late 1970s, More recently, the experiments carried out to quantitatively verify de- coherence effects and "SchrSdinger-cat" situations have raised considerable.

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