Unit Oue Travel Language
Unit Two Lies and Truth
Unit Three Generation X
Unit Four Success
Unit Five Women, Men & Money
Unit Six The Soul of A Business
Unit Seven To Err Is Human
Unit Eight Throwing Away the Key
Unit Nine On Beincl Black and Middle Class
Unit Ten Depression and How to Beat It
Unit Eleven The Japanese Challenge
Unit Twelve On Friendship
THE PARADOX OF UAPPINESS
It's plain common sense -- the more happiness you feel, the less unhappiness you experience. It's plain common sense, but it's not true. Recent research reveals that happiness and unhappiness are not really flip sides （相对的事） of the same as emotion.They are two distinct feelings that, coexisting, rise and fall independently.
"You'd think that the higher a person's level of unhappiness, the lower their level of happiness and vice versa," says Edward Diener, a University of Illinois professor of psychology who has done much of the new work on positive and negative emotions. But when Diener and other researchers measure people's average levels of happiness and unhappiness, they often find little relationship between the two.
The recognition that feelings of happiness and unhappiness can coexist much like love and hate in a close relationship may offer valuable clues on how to lead a happier life. It suggests, for example, that changing or avoiding things that make you miserable may well make you less miserable but probably won't make you any happier. That advice is backed up by an extraordinary series of studies which indicate that a genetic predisposition （倾向）for unhappiness may run in certain families. On the other hand, researchers have found, happiness doesn't appear to be anyone's heritage.The capacity for joy is a talent you develop largely for yourself.
Psychologists have settled on a working definition of the feeling -- happiness is a sense of subjective well-being.They've also begun to find out who's happy, who isn't and why,To date, the research hasn't found a simple recipe for a happy life, but it has discovered some of the actions and attitudes that seem to bring people closer to that most desired of feelings.
In a number of studies of identical and fraternal twins, researchers have examined the role genetics plays in happiness and unhappiness.The work suggests that although no one is really born to be happy, sadness may run in families （家庭遗传）.