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  • 普通高等教育"十二五"规划教材:商法(英文)[平装]
  • 共1个商家     19.40元~19.40
  • 作者:李栗燕(作者)
  • 出版社:国防工业出版社;第1版(2012年9月1日)
  • 出版时间:
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  • ISBN:9787118083262

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    《普通高等教育"十二五"规划教材:商法(英文)》讲述了在全球化的大背景下,中国的法治建设与时俱进。在我国法学教育方面也应当推陈出新,与国际接轨。基于提升我国法学双语教学水准,培养国际化的法律人才,作者集结历年来的研究成果,编著商法(Commercial Law)双语教材,希望能为我国的法学双语教学提供一本高质量的教材。

    作者简介

    李栗燕 湖北武汉人,华中科技大学法学硕士。现任南京航空航天大学人文学院法律系副主任,中国行政管理学会会员。江苏省法学会会员。在《江汉论坛》、《科技进步与对策》等刊物上发表论文二十余篇,已主持两项法学课题的研究,参与多项省级课题的研究及教改项目和精品课程建设。2002年获全市法制知识竞赛专业组第一名,2005年公派赴澳大利亚交流、进修,2006年获南京航空航天大学教学优秀二等奖。

    目录

    Chapter 1 Introduction
    Section 1 Legal Systems and Law
    Section 2 About Commercial Law
    Section 3 Choice of Business Organizations
    Section 4 Introduction to Contracts
    Chapter 2 Partnerslup Law
    Section 1 Partnerships
    Section 2 Sole Proprietorship and Partnership
    Section 3 Partnership Law of England
    Chapter 3 Company Law
    Section 1 About Corporation
    Section 2 The Article of Incorporation
    Section 3 Management of Corporation
    Section 4 Veil of Incorporation
    Section 5 Stock
    Section 6 The Director as a "Fiduciary"
    Section 7 Officers of Corporation
    Section 8 Merger,Consolidation and Termination of Corporation
    Section 9 The Company Law of China
    Chapter 4 Bankruptcy Law
    Section 1 History of Bankruptcy Law
    Section 2 Liquidation Bankruptcy
    Chapter 5 Negotiable Instrument Law
    Section 1 Negotiable Instruments
    Section 2 Rights of Holder in Due Course
    Section 3 Check Collection
    Section 4 The Bank and Its Customer:Rights,Duties and Liabilities
    Chapter 6 Securities Law
    Section 1 General Introduction
    Section 2 The securities Markets
    Section 3 State and Federal Securities Laws
    Section 4 The Securities and Exchange Commission
    Chapter 7 Insurance Law
    Section 1 History of Insurance
    Section 2 Fundamental Principles of Insurance Law
    Section 3 The Contract of Insurance
    Section 4 Classes of Insurance
    Chapter 8 Banking Law
    Section 1 Banks and Banking
    Section 2 Banking Law in Canada
    Section 3 When Banks Collide
    Chapter 9 Dispute Resolution
    Section 1 Arbitration
    Section 2 Civil Procedure Law
    Section 3 Criminal Procedure Law
    Appendix
    Company Law of the People's Republic of China
    Insurance Law of the People's Republic of China
    References

    文摘

    版权页:



    1. The Supremacy Clause
    Article Ⅵ states in part:"This Constitution and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in pursuance thereof ...shall be the supreme Law of the Land ...," hereby guaranteeing federal supremacy,even though the states created the federal government.
    2. The Contract Clause
    Section 10 of Article I of the United States Constitution provides in part that no state shall pass any law impairing the obligation of contracts. This provision has no application to the federal government,which,in fact,frequently enacts laws and adopts regulations that affect existing contracts.The Department of Agriculture from time to time embargoes grain sales to foreign countries,usually as a result of problems in foreign affairs.
    The limitation on state action impairing contracts has not been given a literal application.As a result of judicial interpretation,some state laws that affect existing contracts have been approved,especially when the law is passed to deal with a specific emergency situation. On the other hand,this constitutional provision does limit the alternatives available to state government and prevents the enactment of legislation that changes vested contract rights.
    3. The Taxing Power
    The power of taxation is exercised by the legislative branch of the government. The only limitations on its exercise are found in federal and state constitutions. The fact that a tax may destroy a business or the value of property is no basis for a judicial determination that the tax is unconstitutional. The court must find that the tax violates some specific provision of the Constitution before the tax can be held invalid. The decision as to the wisdom or propriety of the tax is left to the legislature.
    Taxation is a very important form of regulation used to accomplish many goals. Tax policy is a major ingredient in the efforts of government to regulate the economy. Depreciation allowances have been accelerated from time to time to bolster the economy by making additional cash available for business investment. The gasoline tax has been substantially increased in order to raise the price of gasoline and reduce consumption. States were encouraged to adopt unemployment compensation taxes by a federal law that gave a 90 percent credit on the federal tax for taxes paid to states.
    Few questions are raised today conceming the validity of a federally imposed tax. The Sixteenth Amendment to the Constitution and the broad scope of the federal taxing power,which has been approved by he courts,eliminates most such issues. Of course,there is a considerable amount of litigation involving the interpretation and application of the federal tax laws and regulations. Great deference is given to the position taken by the Commissioner of Internal Revenue in such cases. Courts tend to hold that federal taxing laws are valid unless there is some clear constitutional infirmity.
    4. The Commerce Clause
    The power of the federal government to regulate business activity is found in the so-called Commerce Clause of the Constitution, which states: " Congress shall have power to regulate Commerce with foreign Nations,and among the several States,and with the Indian Tribes. "This grant of three-pronged power has been broadly interpreted to give the federal government considerable power to regulate business,to prescribe the rules by which commerce is conducted.
    The power to regulate foreign commerce is vested exclusively in the federal government and extends to all aspects of foreign trade. State and local governments may not regulate foreign commerce,although they do sometimes attempt directly or indirectly to regulate imports and exports to some degree. Such attempts are unconstitutional. State or local laws regulating or interfering with federal regulation of commerce with foreign nations are invalid as violations of the Commerce and Supremacy clauses. One city required that all retail goods originating behind the Iron Curtain be so labeled. The law was unconstitutional.
    The key language of the Commerce Clause is the phrase "among the several States. " This language has been construed to give Congress power to enact laws covering any business activity in interstate commerce and any intrastate business activity that has a substantial effect-negative or positive-on interstate commerce. The effect or any individual business on interstate commerce need not be substantial if the cumulative effect of all similar businesses is substantial.
    While the power of Congress to regulate an infinite variety of business activities by use of the Commerce Clause is quite broad,it is subject to some limitations. These limitations are found in other provisions of the Constitution,such as the Sixth Amendment' s guarantee of a right to trial by jury and the Fifth Amendment's Due Process Clause.ln addition,the power to regulate commerce cannot be used to destroy state and local governments and thus cannot be used,for example,to regulate the wages of government employees.
    In granting Congress power over commerce,the Constitution did not expressly exclude the states from exercising authority over commerce. The Supreme Court held that the nature of the commerce power did not by implication prohibit state action and that some state power over commerce is compatible with the federal power. Because of the Commerce clause,nevertheless,state powers over commerce are definitely limited.
    5. The Bill of Rights and Business
    The first ten amendments to the Constitution of theUnited States,often referred to as the Bill of Rights,have numerous provisions that impact directly on business and economic activity,as well as on all other aspects of our daily lives.