1. Introduction: What is Existentialism?
Part One: Thinkers
Part Two: Themes
7. Introduction to Part Two
8. Being and Self
9. Phenomenology and Consciousness
10. God and Nothingness
11. Freedom, Ethics and Commitment
12. And now...?
Like Kierkegaard, Nietzsche had a great hostility to any notion of agrand philosophical system. But Nietzsche took a different, moreextreme route: 'I am not narrow-minded enough for a system, noteven for my own system' （Lavrin, 1971: 8）. Kierkegaard may haveeschewed the kind of all-encompassing system proposed by Hegeland speculative philosophy, but he nevertheless observed an internalconsistency of thought in his own writing. Nietzsche, on the otherhand, would not have been embarrassed by self-contradiction;for him it was a fact of life, a necessary condition of his way ofworking as a very particular kind of philosopher, one 'seeking aftereverything strange and questionable in existence, all that has hith-erto been excommunicated by morality' （Nietzsche, 1983: 34）.Kierkegaard's use of pseudonymous authors for his major works,what he called his 'aesthetic' productions, was largely so that hisreaders did not associate the ideas the books contemplated with thepersonal life of Kierkegaard himself. Although there is somedifference between the pseudonym and the author, mainly withrespect to the progress each considers he has made towards attain-ing the ethical or religious spheres, the connection between theauthor and the pseudonym remains very strong. Even in the firstpart of Either/Or, where A is essentially a 'dandy', an 'aesthete', a'seducer', there are clearly direct links to be made to Kierkegaard'searlier life, even if he himself may have moved on from this stage. Itwould not occur to Kierkegaard, for instance, to put his ideas intothe mind or mouth of a madman. Yet this is exactly what Nietzschedoes in one of his 'voicings'. So whereas we might safely assume thatmuch of what appears in Kierkegaard's work is an attempt to workthrough, with self-imposed philosophical rigour, certain idea.