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  • 美国医师执照考试:High-Yielk胚胎学(第4版)[平装]
  • 共1个商家     37.90元~37.90
  • 作者:杜德克(RonaldW.Dudek)(编者)
  • 出版社:北京大学医学出版社;第4版(2013年1月1日)
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  • ISBN:9787565904783

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    《美国医师执照考试:High-Yielk胚胎学(第4版)》是参加美国医师执照考试的必备辅导用书,也可作为我国医学院校从事双语教学的教材和参考用书,对教师进行英语授课,学生学习、参加考试具有重要的参考价值。

    作者简介

    作者:(美国)杜德克(Ronald W.Dudek)

    目录

    Preface
    1 Prefertilization Events
    Ⅰ.Gametes (Oocytes and Spermatozoa)
    Ⅱ.Meiosis
    Ⅲ.Female Gametogenesis (Oogenesis)
    Ⅳ.Hormonal Control of the Female Reproductive Cycle
    Ⅴ.Male Gametogenesis(Spermatogenesis)
    Ⅵ.Clinical Considerations
    2 Week 1 (Days 1-7)
    Ⅰ.Overview
    Ⅱ.Fertilization
    Ⅲ.Cleavage
    Ⅳ.Blastocyst Formation
    Ⅴ.Implantation
    Ⅵ.Clinical Considerations
    3 Week 2 (Days 8-17)
    Ⅰ.Embryoblast
    Ⅱ.Trophoblast
    Ⅲ.Extraembryonic Mesoderm
    Ⅳ.Clinical Considerations
    4 Embryonic Period (Weeks 3-8)
    Ⅰ.Introduction
    Ⅱ.Gastrulation
    Ⅲ.Clinical Considertations
    5 Placenta, Amniotic Flulid, and Umbiliacl Cord Placernta
    Ⅰ.The Placenta as an Endocrine Organ
    Ⅱ.Teh Placental Membrane
    Ⅲ.Amniotic Fluid
    Ⅳ.Umbilical Cord
    Ⅴ.Vasculogenesis
    Ⅵ.Vasculogenesis
    Ⅶ.Hematopoiesis
    Ⅷ.Fetal Circulation
    6 Cardiovascular System
    Ⅰ.Formation of Heart Tube
    Ⅱ.Primitive Heart Tube Dilatations
    Ⅲ.The Aorticopulmonary (AP) Septum
    Ⅳ.The Atrial Septum
    Ⅴ.The Atrioventricular (AV) Septum
    Ⅵ.The Interventricular (IV) Septum
    Ⅶ.Development of the Arterial System
    Ⅷ.Development of the Venous System
    7 Digestive System
    Ⅰ.Primitive Gut Tube
    Ⅱ.Foregut Derivatives
    Ⅲ.Midgut Derivatives
    Ⅳ.Hindgut Derivatives
    Ⅴ.The Anal Canal
    Ⅵ.Mesenteries
    8 Urinary System
    Ⅰ.Overview
    Ⅱ.The Pronephros
    Ⅲ.The Mesonephros
    Ⅳ.The Metanephros
    Ⅴ.Development of the Metanephros
    Ⅵ.Relative Ascent of the Kidneys
    Ⅶ.Blood Supply of the Kidneys
    Ⅷ.Development of the Urinary Bladder
    Ⅸ.Clinical Considerations
    9 Female Reproductive System
    Ⅰ.The Indifferent Embryo
    Ⅱ.Development of the Gonads
    Ⅲ.Development of Genital Ducts
    Ⅳ.Development of the Primordia of External Genitalia
    Ⅴ.Clinical Considerations
    10 Male Reproductive System
    Ⅰ.The Indifferent Embryo
    Ⅱ.Development of the Gonads
    Ⅲ.Development of the Genital Ducts
    Ⅳ.Development of the Primordia of External Genitalia
    Ⅴ.Clinical Considerations
    Ⅵ.Summary Table of Female and Male Reproductive Systems Development
    ……
    11 Repiratory System
    12 Head and Neck
    13 Nervous System
    14 Ear
    15 Eye
    16 Body Cavities
    17 Pregnancy
    18 Teratology

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    5. Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
    a. HIV belongs to the Retroviridae family (or Lentivirus subfamily), which are diploid, enveloped, positive single-stranded RNA viruses.
    b. HIV is believed by many investigators to be the major cause of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, others believe that multiple blood transfusions (e.g., in hemophiliacs), consumption of megadoses of antibiotics as prophylaxis against sexually transmitted diseases, and continuoususe of drugs to heighten orgasm (e.g., amyl and butyl nitrite) destroy CD4+ T cells and lead to AIDS.
    c. The placenta is a highly effective barrier to HIV infection of the fetus. However, HIV is transmitted to the fetus through blood containing HIV or HIV- infected lymphoid cells near the time of delivery or after 35 weeks of gestation.
    d. HIV infection does not appear to cause any congenital malformations but results in chronic, multisystem infections.
    e. The clinical manifestations include fungal infections (e.g., Candida esophagitis, Cryptococcal meningitis, histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia), bacterial infections (e.g., Mycobacterium tuberculosis,
    Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare complex infection, Streptococcus pneumoniae infection, gastroenteritis caused by Salmonella, Shigella, and Campylobacter), viral infections (e.g., HSV-1, HSV-2, and CMV), and protozoan infections (e.g., Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Toxoplasma, and Entamoeba).